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Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, which results from defects in insulin secretion. Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level.

When the blood glucose level rises (for example, after eating food), insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level. In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the body cannot respond normally to the insulin that is made (type 2 diabetes). This can causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, leading to symptoms such as increased urination, extreme thirst, and unexplained weight loss.

People with diabetes have a higher risk of a variety of diseases, such as heart disease, eye problems, kidney problems etc.  

Diabetes is spreading rapidly among the population. No cure has been found for it yet, forcing diabetes patients to deal with their disease on a daily basis. If they do not check the status of their illness, serious complications could occur in the heart and blood vessels, eyes and kidneys.

Currently, the most frequently occurring type is type 2 diabetes. This is mainly caused by changes in people's living and eating habits.

Peanuts and nuts

Eating peanuts and nuts could possibly help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes because of their content of unsaturated fat and food fibres.